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FILM DIRECTING SHOTS - One of the most over used cliches in film is "The Shots are all you have." The following are what you need to think about practically so you can think creatively and device the best shot list and camera shots you possibly can:
QUESTIONS TO ASK?
SCENE - Defines the place or setting where the action is laid
TYPES OF CAMERA ANGLES
SIX BASIC SHOTS
1) Extreme Long ShotTaken at a great distance. Almost always an exterior shot and shows much of the locale. Used a lot in Establishing shots
2) Long ShotThe distance between the audience and the stage in the live theatre
3) Full Shot
Barely including the whole body
4) Medium Shot
Knees to waste up. Useful for exposition scenes, carrying movement and for dialogue
5) Close Up
Concentrates on a relatively small object. HUMAN FACE
6) Extreme Close-Up
Might just show eyes or mouth
Are the most important factor in producing illusion of scenic depth.
Which angle the object is photographed.
FIVE BASIC ANGLES
EYE LEVEL SHOTS- Provide frames of reference. Audience sees the event as if the scene happening right in front of them. Most scenes in movies are photographed from eye level. 5 to 6 feet off the ground. Capturing the clearest view of an object
HIGH ANGLED SHOTS- Camera is tilted downward. Besides the obvious power shot, movement is slowed down during fast moving action. Ground is in the background. A person seems harmless and insignificant is photographed from above.
LOW ANGLES SHOTS- Camera it titled upwards. Use to inspire awe or excitement. Motion in speeded up. Environment is usually minimized. Sky or ceiling is background.
OBLIQUE ANGLE- Lateral tilt of the camera. As though the object is about to fall to one side. Point of view shots. Suggests tension, transitions, impending movement
A SHOT SHOULD BE HELD NO LONGER THAN REQUIRED TO MAKE ITS POINT
Approach each sequence with a fresh attitude and strive to treat the action in an individual matter.
A definite change in camera angles will assure a smother flow of images
TAKE A LOOK AT: Film Director Quotes from some of the most famous directors of our time.
FRAMES-Area near the top of the frame can suggest ideas dealing with power, authority and apiration
Make sure to check out WILDsound's Film Festival where you can submit your film and get it watched my industry people, plus hear firsthand to what people think of your film.
THE HUMAN EYE SCANS PICTURES FROM LEFT TO RIGHT
HORIZONTAL LINES - MOVE FROM LEFT TO RIGHT
DIAGONAL OR OBLIQUE LINES tend to sweep upward
TERRITORIAL SPACE - Movie images must tell a story in time, a story that involves human beings and their problems
THREE VISUAL PLACES
CRUCIAL DECISION - How much detail should be included within the frame?
HOW CLOSE SHOULD WE GET TO THE SUBJECT?
AN ACTOR CAN BE PHOTOGRAPHED IN FIVE BASIC POSITION
1) Full Front - Facing the camera
2) Quarter Turn
3) PROFILE - Looking off frame, left to right
4) Three Quarter Turn
5) Back to Camera-Characters alienation from the world. Sense of concealment, mystery
Tightly framed shots - CONFINED
Loosely framed shots - FREEDOM
USING SPACE IN FOUR WAYS